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Newsletters are issued several times a year.  These keep AAFNA members up to date on current events and scheduled meetings. Future Newsletters will be posted here as well.

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July, August, September 2011 Newsletter

May/June 2010 Newsletter


Jan/Feb 2008 Newsletter

May/June 2006 Newsletter

March/April 2006 Newsletter

August/September 2005 Newsletter

March 2005 Newsletter

October/November 2004 Newsletter

June/July 2004 Newsletter


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Past Newsletters


Jan/Feb 2004 

Point of Contact 

A Newsletter for the Ardoch Algonquin First Nation 

Kenozitc/ Akakodjitc kisis January/February 2004 

Ardoch Anishnabek Niganzig 


•AAFNA Hosted Algonquin Council 
•Ka-pishkewandemin Council Meetings 
•AAFNA Registrar Honoured 
•Women's Council to be Formed 
•Youth Perspectives Sought 
•Perspectives on History : Ardoch Algonquin First Nation

AAFNA Hosted Algonquin Council 

Algonquin representatives from across Ontario joined Ardoch Algonquin First Nation in Plevna on November 30, 2003 for a meeting to deal with issues of representation in the land claims process. The meeting was arranged by AAFNA Chief Randy Cota in an effort to work collectively toward an alternative to the Algonquin Nation Tribal Council (ANTC). Although ANTC was established in 2001 to negotiate with the provincial and federal governments around land and resource issues within the Algonquin territory in Ontario, the organization never represented all Algonquins across the province. The land claim, representation, and hunting rights were the main topics of discussion for the afternoon meeting. Although consensus was not reached on a workable alternative to ANTC, Community members in attendance agreed to continue the process in future meetings across the territory.

Ka-pishkewandemin Council Meetings 

Family Heads Meetings will Occur on the following dates: *Feb. 22, 2004 , *Mar. 21, 2004.
All AAFNA Members are encouraged to attend. 

Get involved in your community!! 

Candy Bilow-McGlynn is Honoured 

Elder Harold Perry presents Candy with an engraved plaque and eagle feather for her years of devotion and loyalty to AAFNA as the community's registrar. Candy recently retired from the position of registrar so that she can devote more time to a new family business venture with her husband. Candy will carry on her duties though as a Family Head. 

The duties and responsibilities of the registrar will now be handled by Carol-Anne Bate who brings to the position 30 plus years of historical and genealogical experience. Carol-Anne's extensive experience as an accountant will also prove very beneficial to AAFNA in many capacities as we move forward into the new year.

AAFNA Women's Council 

During the AAFNA Potluck/Social held on November 30, 2003, some women in attendance asked about the possibility of forming a women's group or council that would meet regularly to discuss important issues affecting women and children in the community. 

Women's council are not a new concept, but one that dates back in Algonquin communities to before the arrival of Europeans. Men and women's councils served important functions in Algonquin communities. 

If you are interested in being a part of such a council, please respond by e-mail to aafna_newsletter@sympatico.ca with the subject heading Women's Council. An initial meeting will then be scheduled and everyone notified . 

Here is another opportunity to get involved in your community!! 

AAFNA Community Centre 

A fund has been established to build a community centre and band office in Ardoch. 
Donations from members are urgently needed. 

To donate to the building fund, contact Randy Cota@ 1-613-268-2688 or by e-mail at Victoriafurs@aol.com 

Greetings from Chief Randy Cota 

Kwey My fellow Algonquins: 

At this time I would like to wish all of our members and Allies a Happy New year. 

We have been through some trying and some exciting times over the past year. As a result of this, I believe we are stronger as a community. Our community have seen the growth of our membership rise to 600 people. This is fantastic and we are exited about our growth. We have seen the birth of our corporation for funding to be routed through, and the completion of our charitable number being applied for. 

During 2003, we established an alliance with Bonnechere First Nation Community, Bancroft and with Whitney. This has given us a strong voice and a driving force in being involved in Nation level of Government and the ongoing Land claim. The next meeting is in the 13th of January being hosted by Bancroft. 

We at home are working on scholarship funding for youth for colleges and for Universities. This will be an exiting event this year. 

The Tay water shed issue with OMYA International has been put on HOLD and is being looked into by the Provincial Government. This is important to keep at the forefront of our responsibilities to our land. 

The sale of the tickets on a Harold Perry Canoe went well with funds raised. We appreciate the hard work on the sale of the tickets and look forward to this years endeavours.

Our Web page is being worked on by Paul Wentworth and Doug Cota. Please feel free to check it out and see what's being done. 

In closing there are many other great events and items that should be mentioned, but we need to look forward and see what is in store in 2004.

Please contact your Head of Family and ask how you can help make Ardoch Algonquin First Nation better for all. We need input and YOUR help, please get involved.


Randy Cota 
For the Ardoch Algonquin First Nation Heads of Families

Perspectives on History: 
Ardoch Algonquin First Nation 

The Ardoch Algonquin First Nation is an Anishnabek community that is located in the Madawaska, Mississippi and Rideau watersheds. The Ardoch Algonquin First Nation (AAFNA) is non-status; that is, it is not designated as an Indian Band by the government of Canada. Historically the AAFNA communities' roots are in the families who wintered where these rivers come close together. Their use and habitation of this location originates in time immemorial. Culturally the AAFNA community is Algonquin and historically their ancestors shared in the summer life of the Ottawa River. They gathered on the Kichi Sìbì trading, guiding and protecting their advantage as the People of the Big River. When settlement began to devour land in Eastern Ontario at the beginning of the nineteenth century other families retreated up river and sought refuge among the Ardoch Algonquins. Mississauga families also came to share in the traditional lifestyle that lingered in the backlands and along the shores of the headwater lakes. By the middle of the nineteenth century Ardoch Algonquin families could no longer safely travel to Kanasatake where they once summered. 

Land first reserved for Algonquin use (1844) is located at Bob's Lake in AAFNA territory. Ten years before the land grant that created Kitigan Sìbì (Manawaki) and a full generation before the purchase of land for the Golden Lake Reserve, AAFNA families had secured by way of a licence of occupation, 2000 acres. This early reserve was devastated by illegal logging operations in the 1850's and the Algonquin families retreated to marginal and unsettled lands. Poor Irish refugees were sold the forested land once the loggers were done with it and the settlers commenced clearing the remaining woodlands. Not only were fields cleared for cultivation but much of the hard wood forests were felled and burned for potash, the first cash crop for starving immigrants who had no care for the land. 

By the turn of the twentieth century the territory had four times the settler population that it has today. There were hundreds of working mines and productive farms. There were lumber mills and railroads. The Algonquins had become immensely outnumbered in their own homeland. This had become the reality for all of the Algonquins south of the Ottawa River. 

The racism expressed by the settler population toward Indian people was crushing. Indian men were denied respectable labour and women were relegated to being chore girls and worse. In the early twentieth century Algonquin homes were burnt and occupants forced out of settler communities. Children were taken by child welfare authorities and placed as indentured servants and field hands at farms around Kingston and Amherstview. The First World War claimed the lives of Algonquin men leaving many Algonquin women to seek marriage outside of the culture. 

At the end of the first quarter of the twentieth century the settler economy went bust. What had appeared to be limitless mineral and forest resources were depleted. The once productive soil had eroded and washed into creeks and swamps. Those second and third generation immigrants with any get-up-and-go got up and went. The Ardoch Algonquins survived. They had adapted to marginal farming, woodcutting, part-time trapping and tourist guiding. Their sons and daughters became tradesmen, teachers and factory workers. 

During the 1930's the Algonquins of Golden Lake became a federally recognized Indian Reserve. Canada had purchased the land that the Band occupied from Ontario in 1874 for the settlement of five Algonquin families. As the land was "government" owned other Algonquin Families were encouraged to relocate to Golden Lake when settlers occupied their land or their means of subsistence became tenuous. Throughout the first part of the twentieth century the Province of Ontario had complained bitterly that the Algonquins at Golden Lake were a federal responsibility. At the heart of the Province's complaint were several issues. There was no economic advantage at Golden Lake and the Algonquins had become indigent on Provincial relief. As a means of subsistence they were hunting their traditional territories off the reserved lands. Ontario had established Algonquin Provincial Park and was concerned that Algonquin hunting pressure would undermine the economic viability of the park as a game preserve and tourist attraction. 

Federal recognition of the Golden Lake Reserve provided structure and resources that were desperately needed for the well being of that community. Other Algonquin communities at Mattawa, Whitney, Lake St. Peter, Calabogie and many other locations did not have a protected land base. Non-Algonquins had long settled the land that had been once "protected" for the Ardoch Algonquin families at Bob's Lake. 

These communities did not stop being Algonquin communities when they were overrun by European settlement. They did not stop being Algonquin communities when the trees were cut and burned or when racism forced the people to the bottom of the social order. They did not stop being Algonquin communities when they survived and found a measure of prosperity on their own. Their children did not stop being Algonquin when they went to the city to support their families. They certainly did not stop being Algonquin communities when the Federal Government recognized Golden Lake as a Federally controlled Indian Band........ 

Stay Tuned for the second installment of this article on AAFNA History in the March/April edition of the newsletter 

Algonquin Language Lesson 

*Nigokomis : my grandmother : knee-go-ko-miss 

*Nimishomis: my grandfather: knee-mee-show-miss 

*Nigahigog: my parents : knee-ga-ye-goak 

*Niwidigik: my sister : knee-we-wee-gick 

*Niwikanis: my brother: knee-we-can-iss 

*Nijishenj: maternal uncle: nee-gee-sens 

*Ninoshenj: maternal aunt: knee-no-sens 

*Nimishomenj: paternal uncle: knee-me-show-miss 

*Nizigos: paternal aunt: knee-ze-gos 

*Nigwisis: my son: knee-kwee-sis 

*Nidanis: my daughter: knee-dan-iss 


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